PML Marine Life Support System (biodiversity, marine ecology and molecular science) View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MonetaryGrant     


Grant Info

YEARS

2007-2014

FUNDING AMOUNT

1403000 GBP

ABSTRACT

Marine biodiversity plays a central role in supporting ecosystem functions, from the basic building blocks of life (DNA, RNA and protein) to individuals, populations and communities. Knowledge of biodiversity in the marine realm is extremely limited, in particular what lives there, where it lives and how it functions. Marine ecosystems cover approximately 70% of the Earth’s surface, yet the total amount of seafloor actually surveyed by humans, is a small fraction of this huge area. To compound this problem the majority of marine life does not live on the seabed, where it can be easily seen, but lives either buried within or floating above it in the water column and, therefore, important organisms with a key role in ecosystem function and health may be yet to be discovered. The most severe threats to marine biodiversity are in the coastal zone and are mostly a direct result of human activity; habitat degradation; fragmentation and loss; climate change and other large-scale atmospheric changes, such as ozone depletion; direct and indirect effects of fishing and other forms of over exploitation; nutrient run-off; mineral extraction; pollution and marine litter; species relocations and invasions; watershed alteration, and the physical alteration of coasts. A loss in biodiversity would have consequences upon the provision of key biogeochemical processes and ecosystem function, which are still to be fully understood, and is of concern when considering the global economy’s heavy reliance on the goods and services provided by coastal waters. PML has a depth of expertise in understanding and valuing marine biodiversity, which is vital in developing tools and strategies for preserving the ocean’s vast biological diversity and, therefore, the goods and services provided by the ocean. To increase the value of this knowledge to society, PML is at the forefront of UK, European and international biodiversity networks, which enables the sharing of species and distribution data to researchers, industry, stakeholders and the general public across the world. Key research areas: a) measuring and describing biodiversity, b) marine food webs; c) variability through space and time; d) environmental change; e) ecosystem function. More... »

URL

http://gtr.rcuk.ac.uk/project/43ABFEB4-8DD7-417D-81C3-6FBB6240B6EB

Related SciGraph Publications

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  • 2011-08. The development of soil organic matter in restored biodiverse Jarrah forests of South-Western Australia as determined by ASE and GCMS in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
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  • 2004-06. Preface in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY
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