Biopsychosocial Research Training in Immunology and AIDS View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MonetaryGrant     


Grant Info

YEARS

1989-2014

FUNDING AMOUNT

3494768 USD

ABSTRACT

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The purpose of the training program is to provide systematic multi-disciplinary predoctoral and postdoctoral research training into the biological, behavioral psychosocial and sociocultural factors involved in the prevention, pathogenesis and management of HIV/AIDS. Research training is also offered for study of hormonal and immunological mechanisms that may link biobehavioral variables to HIV/AIDS pathology. Training is closely coordinated with multiple extramurally funded NIH grants and contracts. Foremost among these is the Developmental Center for AIDS Research (DCFAR), whose Executive Committee will also serve as the Executive Committee for the training grant program. Aside from Administration, DCFAR Cores contributing to the training program are: Developmental, Clinical Services, Laboratory Sciences, and Behavioral/Social Sciences and Community Outreach. Because Miami-Dade county not only has one of the highest rates of HIV infection in the United States but also an extremely high rate within the Hispanic/Latino community, the contributions of the Center of Excellence for Health Disparities Research (El Centra) for research training is important. This NIH Center grant is advancing the scientific development and evaluation of culturally-tailored interventions for behaviorally-rooted health conditions such as HIV/AIDS that disproportionately affect Hispanics. A specific mission of El Centra is to train the next generation of health disparities researchers. The University of Miami Fogarty International Center for AIDS/TB prevention and treatment also focuses upon developing culturally tailored research programs, in this case for Latin American and Caribbean investigators, who can bring important scientific infrastructure back to their home countries. Our T32 trainees interact with the Fogarty Fellows and participate in research and training with them. A central focus of our training grant has been in participation in investigator initiated research grants. Participation by the University of Miami Comprehensive AIDS Program facilitates this training. In addition to being able to take relevant coursework in the departments of Epidemiology and Public Health, Microbiology/ Immunology, Nursing and Psychology, both pre- and post-doctoral trainees participate in a large number of multidisciplinary information exchanges and seminars and are encouraged to undergo rotations through immunology, endocrinology, psychiatric and psychosocial assessment, community outreach, and statistics/informatics cores. Other departments involved in the training program include Medicine, Pediatrics, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. RELEVANCE (See instructions): The South Florida area has one of the highest rates of HIV/AIDS in the nation and is especially high for Hispanic/Latinos. This training grant provides pre- and post-doctoral research training in prevention, pathogenesis and management of HIV/AIDS, particularly in hard to reach ethnic/racial communities. The program brings together basic and clinical behavioral and biomedical researchers to train the next generation of HIV/AIDS scientists to work with diverse ethnic/racial groups. More... »

URL

http://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=8470486

Related SciGraph Publications

  • 2017-08. Change in urinary cortisol excretion mediates the effect of angry/hostile mood on 9 month diastolic blood pressure in HIV+ adults in JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2017-04. Psychological Distress Mediates the Effect of Alexithymia on 2-Year Change in HIV Viral Load in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2016-02. Alexithymia, Assertiveness and Psychosocial Functioning in HIV: Implications for Medication Adherence and Disease Severity in AIDS AND BEHAVIOR
  • 2015-08. Psychosocial and Neurohormonal Predictors of HIV Disease Progression (CD4 Cells and Viral Load): A 4 Year Prospective Study in AIDS AND BEHAVIOR
  • 2015-06. The ABCs of Trait Anger, Psychological Distress, and Disease Severity in HIV in ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2014-04. Ethnicity Moderates the Relationship Between Perceived Stress and Benefit Finding in HIV+ Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2013-12. B-lymphocyte tolerance and effector function in immunity and autoimmunity in IMMUNOLOGIC RESEARCH
  • 2013-12. Humanized mice: novel model for studying mechanisms of human immune-based therapies in IMMUNOLOGIC RESEARCH
  • 2009-12. Disclosing HIV Serostatus to Family Members: Effects on Psychological and Physiological Health in Minority Women Living with HIV in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2008-09. Perceived Stress and Norepinephrine Predict the Effectiveness of Response to Protease Inhibitors in HIV in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2008-06. Comparing unidimensional and multidimensional models of benefit finding in breast and prostate cancer in QUALITY OF LIFE RESEARCH
  • 2007-12. Physical symptoms, beliefs about medications, negative mood, and long-term HIV medication adherence in ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2006-04. Reductions in depressed mood and denial coping during cognitive behavioral stress management with hiv-positive gay men treated with haart in ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2005-12. Cognitive behavioral stress management effects on mood, social support, and a marker of antiviral immunity are maintained up to 1 year in HIV-infected gay men in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2005-06. Dispositional optimism and the mechanisms by which it predicts slower disease progression in HIV: proactive behavior, avoidant coping, and depression in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2004-10. Inhibited interpersonal coping style predicts poorer adherence to scheduled clinic visits in human immunodeficiency virus infected women at risk for cervical cancer in ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2004-06. Perceived Stress Mediates the Effects of Coping on the Quality of Life of HIV-Positive Women on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy in AIDS AND BEHAVIOR
  • 2004-04. Gender differences in TNF-α levels among obese vs nonobese Latino children in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
  • 2003-06. Coping and psychological distress among symptomatic HIV+ men who have sex with men in ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2001-12. Employment, Social Support, and HIV Sexual-Risk Behavior in Puerto Rican Women in AIDS AND BEHAVIOR
  • 2001-12. A brief sexual barrier intervention for women living with AIDS: Acceptability, use, and ethnicity in JOURNAL OF URBAN HEALTH
  • 2001-10. Autonomic and cardiovascular function in HIV spectrum disease: Early indications of cardiac pathophysiology in CLINICAL AUTONOMIC RESEARCH
  • 2000-12. Heterosexual Risk for HIV Among Puerto Rican Women: Does Power Influence Self-Protective Behavior? in AIDS AND BEHAVIOR
  • 2000-04. Reductions in Salivary Cortisol Are Associated with Mood Improvement During Relaxation Training Among HIV-Seropositive Men in JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 2000-03. Cognitive-behavioral stress management reduces distress and 24-hour urinary free cortisol output among symptomatic HIV-infected gay men in ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
  • 1999-04. Psychometric Properties of a Hurricane Coping Self-Efficacy Measure in JOURNAL OF TRAUMATIC STRESS
  • 1998-06. Cognitive-behavioral intervention effects on mood and cortisol during exercise training in ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
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