Metabolism, Micronutrients, And Antiretroviral Therapy Outcomes In Zambia View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MonetaryGrant     


Grant Info

YEARS

2008-2012

FUNDING AMOUNT

324400 USD

ABSTRACT

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The recent large-scale introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in sub-Saharan Africa, while lifesaving for many, has been attended by a high early mortality rate. It is probable that the high prevalence of malnutrition in the region, worsened by HIV disease, is a factor in both early mortality and overall ART outcomes. Previous studies in PLWHA in resource-constrained settings have reported poorer outcomes in persons with nutritional deficiencies in the absence of ART, but none has documented longitudinal, within-person effects of ART on nutritional status or of nutritional status on ART outcomes. We have initiated a pilot study to examine whether the refeeding syndrome (RS), which has been observed in multiple settings in which severely cachectic or marasmic patients are treated and fed, contributes to the early deaths. In November 2006 we began recruiting 200 patients who are starting ART at a clinic supported by the University of Alabama at Birmingham's (UAB) Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Lusaka, Zambia (CIDRZ) and who exhibit high risk for early ART mortality (CD4+ count <50 cells/ More... »

URL

http://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=8140699

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