Sentence Processing in Normal and Aphasic Populations View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MonetaryGrant     


Grant Info

YEARS

1988-2013

FUNDING AMOUNT

2986690 USD

ABSTRACT

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This program of research continues our long-standing effort to detail the moment-by-moment unfolding of sentence processing and its relation to the brain. Our results from neurologically-intact individuals have previously shed light on the functional architecture of the sentence processing system, securing a strong base on which to investigate brain-language relations through the study of aphasia. Sentence processing experiments have typically used different sentence types as a means to examine underlying operations. These constructions have been characterized as canonical and simple in the language of interest (in English, Subject-Verb-Object), or non-canonical and complex, often containing displaced constituents that yield, for example, Object-Subject-Verb word order in English. The goal has been to illuminate processes underlying normal comprehension, and how these go awry in aphasia. In this proposal we intend to use sentences which are not so easily divisible into these categories. We plan to use sentences that contain ellipsis, forms in which a part is missing but whose meaning can be readily reconstructed by syntactic and semantic considerations. The use of ellipsis as a tool in experimental psycholinguistic research has recently been on the rise. Here it is brought to neuropsychology in a systematic way with the potential that it will be instrumental in examining key issues and new questions that we have discovered during our previous work. Our methods range from on- to off-line analyses, and we strive to connect the two. We also seek to obtain precise measurements of lesion size, shape and position through high-resolution MR scans. This part of our effort is intended to help us understand the role that Broca's and Wernicke's regions play in language behavior through the use of detailed probability maps based on cytoarchitectonics. Our specific aims, then, are: 1. To chart the moment-by-moment temporal unfolding of sentence processing, from on- through off-line interpretation, and to discover the relation between the two. 2. To examine the relation between these processes and neural tissue through the study of aphasia and lesion analyses. 3. To assess the empirical adequacy of theories on the brain bases of sentence processing. More... »

URL

http://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=8119471

Related SciGraph Publications

  • 2010-10. The Real-Time Processing of Sluiced Sentences in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 2010-04. Parallelism Effects and Verb Activation: The Sustained Reactivation Hypothesis in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 2009-06. The Time Course of Verb Processing in Dutch Sentences in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 2009-06. The On-Line Processing of Verb-Phrase Ellipsis in Aphasia in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 2008-03. Activating Basic Category Exemplars in Sentence Contexts: A Dynamical Account in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 2007-05. The Processing of Non-canonically Ordered Constituents in Long Distance Dependencies by Pre-school Children: a Real-time Investigation in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 2007-03. Linguistic and cognitive prominence in anaphor resolution: topic, contrastive focus and pronouns in TOPOI
  • 2003-09. Verbal Integration: The Interaction of Participant Roles and Sentential Argument Structure in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 2000-03. The Temporal Unfolding of Local Acoustic Information and Sentence Context in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 1999-07. Categorization of Ambiguous Sentences as a Function of a Changing Prosodic Parameter: A Dynamical Approach in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 1996-03. Prosodic influences on the resolution of temporary ambiguity during on-line sentence processing in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 1996-01. Coreference processing and levels of analysis in object-relative constructions; Demonstration of antecedent reactivation with the cross-modal priming paradigm in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 1995-11. On-line comprehension of VP-ellipsis: Syntactic reconstruction and semantic influence in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 1995-11. Participant roles and the processing of verbs during sentence comprehension in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 1994-11. Prosody and the processing of filler-gap sentences in JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
  • 1994. On Lexical Properties, Syntax, and Brain Damage in LINGUISTICS AND COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE
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