A cluster randomized controlled clinical trial of school-based oral health education strategies for adolescents aged 10-13 years View Homepage


Ontology type: schema:MedicalStudy     


Clinical Trial Info

YEARS

2004-2006

ABSTRACT

Background and study aims Oral health education in schools for the prevention of diseases such as tooth decay, gingivitis (gum inflammation) and oral cancer has largely been imparted by dentists. As this expert-led approach is expensive, strategies relying on teachers, peer-leaders and learners themselves have also been used. However, the evidence for the effectiveness of these strategies is lacking. The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of dentist-led, teacher-led, peer-led and self-learning strategies of oral health education at increasing knowledge about oral health and bringing about a positive change in oral health behavior and oral health status. Who can participate? Children in class six, aged 10-11. What does the study involve? Participating schools are randomly allocated into five groups. Three of the groups receive oral health education from dentists, teachers or peer group leaders, respectively, and are evaluated four times over two years. The fourth group is a self-learning group while the fifth group (control group) does not receive any form of oral health education, and these groups are surveyed at the start and end of the two years. Knowledge about oral health, preventive behavior, oral hygiene, and tooth decay are assessed through a questionnaire, a structured interview and an oral examination. What are the possible benefits and risks of participating? The children received information about the prevention of the most common oral diseases and were provided with a colorful booklet related to these topics. Even the children in the self-learning and control groups received the full benefits of the study after the study was over. In addition all the children received a thorough examination of their teeth at least twice during the course of the study. A detailed report about the findings of the oral examination was sent to the parents of all participating children. Where is the study run from? Forty public and private middle and secondary schools in two selected towns of the cosmopolitan city of Karachi, Pakistan. When is the study starting and how long is it expected to run for? January 2004 to February 2006. Who is funding the study? The World Health Organization/Government of Pakistan Collaborative Program. Who is the main contact? Dr Abdul Haleem More... »

URL

http://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN39391017

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